Francisco Torrent-Guasp, was born on
October the 7th, 1931 in Gandía (Valencia. Spain). He was a
medical student at Salamanca and Complutensis Madrid Universities (Spain)
from 1950 to 1955, where he becomes doctor on Medicine and Surgery. Working
with Prof. Gómez Oliveros he starts, being a IV year student, anatomical
investigations about the structure and function of the heart, that he will
continue for more than 25 years, performing during this period of time,
disections on more than 1000 hearts of different species, including
worms, fishes, reptiles, and mammalians, including human hearts as well.
His extraordinary discovery of the VENTRICULAR MYOCARDIAL BAND
in 1972, conceiving
the ventricular myocardium as
a continuous muscular mand, was the leading cause of being laureate of
Miguel Servet Prize (1978) and an official nominee for the Nobel Prize in Medicine
During a half century of painstaking work on heart structure and
function, he has published numerous books and papers and gave more than one
hundered lectures. Some of those activities are summarized here in a
1954: EL CICLO CARDIACO (THE CARDIAC CYCLE);
is a monograph published while a 4th year medical student at the
University of Salamanca (Spain).
1957: ANATOMIA FUNCIONAL DEL CORAZON (FUNCTIONAL
ANATOMY OF THE HEART). Is an anatomical research on heart structure,
supported by "Sociedad de Autores y Publicaciones". Madrid.
1959: AN EXPERIMENTAL APPROACH ON HEART
DYNAMICS. A report on experimental work on heart physiology (Eugene
Taldmadge Hospital. Augusta. Georgia. USA). Supported by a fellowship of
The American Heart Association and The Public Health Service of the USA.
1960-1970: Anatomical research, publications,
and lectures continued.
1970: THE ELECTRICAL CIRCULATION. Theoretical
work published followed by a lecture at the University of Friburg (Germany),
leading to a publication jointly with Prof. A. Puff, entitled; LA DINAMICA
VALVULAR (VALVULAR DYNAMICS). An invited lecture at Guy's Hospital (London)
was followed by four more up to 1977. A meeting with the well known
surgeon Donald Ross, interested in Torrent-Guasp's proposal concerning
mitral valve prothesis, at the VIth World Congress of Cardiology in London
(UK), led to five invited lectures at The National Heart Hospital (London).
1972: Always enphasising anatomical research
of the heart, and supported by "Fundación Juan March" (Spain), presented
invited lectures at the Universities of Stockholm, Göteborg, Amsterdam,
Leyden, Hannover, París (La Pitié), Milan (Prof. Folli), and Rome (Prof.
Cortesini). Coming back to Spain he is nominated Associate Professor of
Physiology at Barcelona Autonomous University, where he presented THE
CARDIAC MUSCLE, a publication sponsorized trough a grant of "Fundación
1973: Twenty nine invited lectures supported
by "Fundación Juan March" are given in the Universities of Harvard, New
York (Mount Sinai), Philadelphia, Charleston, Birmingham, St Louis,
Toledo, Chicago, Denver, San Francisco, Los Angeles, San Diego, Portland,
Seattle, Minneapolis (Mayo Clinic), and afterward, gave the Annual
National Heart Hospital Surgical Lecture in London (UK).
1978: Nominated for The Nobel Prize, at
the suggestion of Queen Sophia of Spain, The Science and Education
Ministry of Spanish Governement, and Archiduke Andres Salvador Habsburgo-Lorena
of Austria. He received the same year in Geneva (Switzerland) the
"Miguel Servet Prize" for his long and meritorious scientific research
line. Soon after, he travels to Japan to give a lecture in the University
of Tokyo, Department of Anatomy, Prof. Yohro.
1980: LA ESTRUCTURA MACROSCOPICA DEL MIOCARDIO
VENTRICULAR (MACROSCOPIC STRUCTURE OF VENTRICULAR MYOCARDIUM). An
anatomical work collecting the major points on his anatomical research, is
published in "Revista Española de Cardiología"
1982: Two invited lectures (Prof. Merker) at
Berlin University (Germany).
1983: One invited lecture at Münster
University (Germany) led to a a close and going collaboration with Prof
Lunkenheimer with several results.
1985: KARDIODYNAMIK: WEGE ZUR
STRUKTURGERECHTEN ANALYSE DER MYOKARDFUNKTION, a monograph published in
German in collaboration with Prof. Lunkenheimer.
1987: ESTRUCTURA Y MECANICA DEL CORAZON (STRUCTURE
AND MECHANICS OF THE HEART); a morphological and functional study,
published in collaboration with Professors Lunkenheimer, Zarco, Streeter,
Ceon Ramon, Fariña, and Aragoncillo. During the following eight years he
alternates his heart anatomical research work with a philosophic approach
on the evolution ot the living beings.
1993 he makes a silicone rubber mould of the
heart that shows the ventricular myocardial band.
1995: The collaboration with Prof.
Lunkenheimer, led, under the leadership of Prof. Torrent-Guasp, to the "FIRST
WORKSHOP ON CARDIAC STRUCTURE AND PERFORMANCE" held in Alicante (Spain).
The meeting, attended for 48 experts from all over the world, was
supported by Prof J. Cosín and Dr. Sogorb, under the auspicies of The
European, Spanish, and Valenciana Societies of Cardiology. Publication of
a videotape containing a real disection of a heart, made and explained by
Prof. Torrent-Guasp. An elastic mould of the heart, made up by Dr.
Torrent-Guasp, was delivered to the assistants.
1996: Felowship of the European Society of
Cardiology, and Gold Medal of the Spanish Society of Cardiology. He shares
the President's Lecture with Prof. Ingels (Stanford University, Palo Alto.
Calif. USA) about "LA BANDA MIOCARDICA VENTRICULAR" ("THE VENTRICULAR
MYOCARDIAL BAND") during the XXXII Congress of the Spanish Society of
1997 an experimental work with MRI, on heart
mechanics, is made being evidenced the way the heart performs its
dualistic function : decrease (ejection) and decrease (suction) of blood
by means of respective muscular contractions. Publication of several
papers on that subject along 1977until 2002.
1998, more papers published and several
invited lectures : Birmingham (Univ. of Alabama), Los Angeles (UCLA), San
Diego (Univ. of California), Pasadena (California Institute of Technology),
Congres at Quito (Ecuador), Barcelona (Hosp. Sant Pau), Madrid (Hosp.
Clínico), Missoula (Montana), Boston (Thoracic Surgery Association
Congress). In most of these centers he made dissections of the
venbtricular myocardium to show the ventricular myocardial band.
1999, he becomes member of the Real Academia
de Medicina de Cádiz. Lecture at the Departmemt of Cardiovascular Surgery
of Prof. James Cox, University of Georgetown at Washington.
2000, invited lecture at the Centre Cardio-Thoracique (Monaco), at a
course organized by the University of Harvard at the Hospital Clínico of
Madrid, at a Congress in the Hayama Heart Center (Kamakura). Several
papers in the journal of the Spanish Society of Cardiology and in the
Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery (USA).
2001, the American Association of Thoracic
Surgeons (AATS) publishes a monographic issue (Vol 13, No 4, October) in
its journal SEMINARS IN THORACIC AND CARDIOVASCULAR SURGERY, on the heart
structure and function contributions of Torrent-Guasp. He writes a chapter
for the book, published by Willerson, HEART FAILURE, PATHOGENESIS AND
TREATMENT and publishes a paper in the Journal of the Spanish Society of
Cardiology “La mecánica de los segmentos descendente y ascendente de la
banda miocárdica ventricular”. Invited Lecture at a congress on dilated
myocardiopathy at Rome
2002, in Bethesda, organized by the National
Institute of Health (USA), takes place a Workshop, on Torrent-Guasp
contributions to heart structure and function, with the attendance of more
than 30 American and European experts on that subject. Invited Lectures at
Rome and at Belgrade.
2003, invited by Prof. Tetsuo Hadama,
President of the Cardiothoracic Surgery (ISCTS) Japan Chapter, will attend,
as guest speaker, to the 16th ISCTS Meeting that will be held on July 23rd
to 25th in Kumamoto.
Currently, Francisco Torrent-Guasp with his
associates, is working on several research projects dealing with basic
scientifical and clinical applications of the Ventricular Myocardial Band